Saturday, January 26, 2013

08 Joint Design Nº 80

One of the first references I always consult when I am thinking about dolly ball and socket joints is twigling's Zen and the Art of Articulating Dolls by Using Balljoints (Copyright 2007 Therese Olsen). Even though her emphasis is on resin ball-jointed dolls, her joint research is very thorough. Click on any image to enlarge it.

Of course, Martha Armstrong-Hand's book, Learning To Be A Doll Artist (1999) is really the only reference for making a porcelain BJD, using oil-clay and carving wax. However, she does not really go into many details about joint design, but she does encourage experimentation through the trial and error method to find out how to design the ball and socket joints. Some of the most important points are summarized below.

The cups or sockets of the chest and hip pieces must be shallow to allow for arm and leg cups.
 Bravely invent and experiment until the joint does what you want it to do!
 Our choices are limited due to the material we employ.
We have to allow for a pour hole in every part we create.

Doll Artist Allison Mecleary has a very nice FREE Step-By-Step Porcelain BJD Making Tutorial at Woodland Earth Studio, using Polymer Clay as the modeling material.

The Japanese artist who created the first resin Dolfie for Volks, back in  1999, was inspired by a Victorian-style BJD. Many of these types of dolls were similar to the antique composition-body doll shown below.

The Japanese aesthetic has been very influential to many contemporary BJD makers. Below, are some photos from Ryo Yoshida's book, Yoshida Style Ball Jointed Doll Making Guide (2006). Yoshida's book describes how to make a One Of A Kind BJD using LaDoll air-dry clay.

The photo below shows an excerpt from Aimi's book, How to Make Your First Ball-jointed Doll (2011). It is very similar to Yoshida's book, and the doll described in the step-by-step tutorial is also an OOAK BJD made with LaDoll air-dry clay.

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